modern history of the region begins in the 8th century when Arabs
settle on the east coast.
In 1497, Vasco da Gama landed in Kenya. Portuguese traders settled on
the Kenyan coast in the 16th century and were expelled by the Arabs in
In 1885, the Germans established a protectorate that comprised the
possessions of the Sultan of Zanzibar. In 1888, the British East Africa
Company arrived in the region.
The Germans decided not to fight for the region and handed over their
possessions on the coast to the British in 1890.
From October 1952 till December 1959, the state of emergency was in
force in Kenya following a rebellion against British rule, the
so-called Mau-Mau rebellion. In 1957, elections were held under British
rule. The Kenya African National Union of Jomo Kenyatta won and formed
became independent on 12 December 1963. Kenyatta became president.
After his death in 1978, he was succeeded by Daniel Arap Moi who was
re-elected altogether four times.At the beginning of the nineteen
nineties, thousands of people were killed and tens of thousands became
homeless during tribal conflicts.
The 1997 elections were marred by corruption and fraud, but Moi was
re-elected again. Moi did not stand for re-election on 27 December 2002
and opposition leader Mwai Kibaki was elected president.
Kenya – 28.7 million - 580.367 km2
Germany – 83.5 million – 357.022 km2
the Netherlands – 16.4 million – 41.528 km2